What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK, with most cases diagnosed over the age of 65. The exact causes of prostate cancer are unknown however there are some risk factors which can increase the chance of a man developing prostate cancer. Risk factors include age, ethnicity, family history, body weight and diet. Symptoms of prostate cancer may include:
- passing urine
- increased frequency urinating, especially at night
- urgency in needing to pass urine
- feeling like the bladder has not been completely emptied
- blood in the urine or semen
- more unusually pain while passing urine or ejaculating
Treatment for prostate cancer will depend on the stage of the cancer but may include surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Advanced prostate cancer is when cancer that started in the prostate gland has spread to other parts of the body. It is also known as metastatic prostate cancer. Some men might have advanced prostate cancer when they are first diagnosed, while others may have been diagnosed with prostate cancer for some time before it becomes advanced.
Advanced prostate cancer can cause symptoms such as extreme tiredness, weight loss, pain and feeling generally unwell. Symptoms vary from person-to-person depending on where the cancer has spread, and they might not all happen at the same time.
When prostate cancer becomes advanced, treatments aim to manage symptoms and help people to live longer. However, it is important to know that advanced prostate cancer cannot be cured.
Treatment options for prostate and advanced prostate cancer vary from person-to-person, depending on how fit they are, if and where the cancer has spread, what kind of symptoms it is causing and what treatments they have been given before.